In the Tang Dynasty, due to political stability, economic development, advancement in production and textile technology, and development of foreign exchanges, the lives of the people were enriched, and the food, clothing, housing, and transportation were naturally wonderful and diverse. The Tang Dynasty clothing presented a prosperous scene of gorgeousness, boldness and novelty. The women’s clothing of this period can be described as the most exciting chapter in ancient Chinese clothing. The beauty of the crown and the varied makeup are all fascinating. So, let’s take a look at the costumes of women in the Tang Dynasty!
Banbi. Banbi were quite popular in the early Tang Dynasty, both men and women could wear them, Banbi also became a part of court uniforms. Banbi is a short-sleeved blouse with no button, which is tied on the chest with a belt on the placket. The collar of the Banbi is wide, and almost all the chest can be exposed. The function of the Banbi is equivalent to the function of today’s coat.
Qunshan(Ruqun) were especially popular among the noble ladies in the Tang Dynasty. There has two famous forms of Qunshan – Qixiong Ruqun and Qiyao Ruqun. Qunshan can make ladies elegant no matter your figure is plump or thin, so it is especially popular in the circles o plump person.
Hu clothing, the clothing of the Western Rong and Donghu ethnic outside the Great Wall, is tight and narrow, and it is convenient to move around. It is popular for women to wear Hu clothing on horseback. The Hu clothing always makes up of upper garment with narrow sleeves, long trousers and leather boots. Moreover, people in Tang Dynasty liked dancing by wearing Hu clothing, so Tang dynasty clothing absorbed the characteristics of Hu clothing.
Tang dynasty clothing with big sleeve, a formal dress with extra wide sleeves for a woman in the Tang Dynasty, is wider than the usual outerwear. It can be worn or tied outside the ordinary clothes, and the it looks so elegant. Rumor has it that Tang Wenzong didn’t allow people to wear Hu clothing all over the world, so the princesses were ordered to wear Han clothings that can represent the Han nationality. So this kind of Tang dynasty clothing with big sleeve became popular in this period.
Using leno to make women’s clothing is a feature of Hanfu clothing in the Tang Dynasty, especially dressed without underwear but covered the body with light leno clothing is a pioneering work. The long leno clothing shows the graceful posture of the woman.
A woman disguised as a man was also a major feature of the Tang Dynasty, which is a rare phenomenon in China’s long-term feudal society. The cultural integration and economic development made it possible without a doubt.
In many film and television works about Tang Dynasty, it is easy to see that women dressed sexy, however, you have to know that not everyone can be like this. In fact, women in the Tang Dynasty are still under the restriction of feudal ethics, and only people with special identities wear sexy clothing. Most ordinary women were still conservative. The half-chested skirt shows the openness of the Tang Dynasty, which is a bit similar to the evening dress of the West, but it was absolutely forbidden to expose the shoulders and back.